- Kenbaeva Raushan - the main specialist of the center for healthy lifestyles of the National Center for Public Health *
Raushan Mukhtarovna, reproductive health - this is one of the most important components of human health and society as a whole. How important is the role of parents in maintaining the health of their children?
- Reproductive health *, as defined by WHO, is a state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not simply the absence of disease or illness, in all matters relating to the reproductive system, its functions and processes. Reproductive health must begin in childhood, and in this regard, parents need to know how to preserve and strengthen the reproductive health of children.
The personal example of the parents is important for the child. If a child lives with parents who lead a healthy lifestyle, play sports, do not have bad habits, then the child, watching the parents, will imitate them, therefore, will grow up healthy.
The role of parents in the development of good eating habits in their children is enormous. A child from childhood should be introduced into the world of healthy food. However, if the parents themselves do not pay attention to what is on the plate, of course, the child will repeat the family habits in his life.
In addition, girls, especially adolescents, need to explain why in cold weather you need to wear warm underwear, and not thin tights, or why it is harmful to walk with bare loins in sub-zero temperatures.
What advice can you give parents to improve the health of children?
This observance of the daily routine and personal hygiene. Good rest is necessary, the duration of a night's sleep should not be less than 8-9 hours. It is important to timely impart personal hygiene skills using individual means: wash your face, brush your teeth, wash your hands before eating, take a bath or shower before going to bed.
Good nutrition plays a huge role in shaping the growing body of a child. It is necessary by example to parents to demonstrate compliance with the diet, starting with breakfast, eating with family, refusing to consume junk food, carbonated drinks, drinking enough water, eating fruits and vegetables.
Important motor activity. Hypodynamia is typical for most modern children. It is desirable that the child attends sports sections or dance circles, gymnastics, athletics, swimming, as moderate exercise is a good prevention of respiratory infections, form a good posture, flexible spine, elastic muscles.
Clothing contributes to the creation of the necessary microclimate, it should be light and comfortable. When choosing clothes, pay attention to the heat-shielding properties of the fabric, its breathability, hygroscopicity and other qualities. Shoes should be light, elastic and well ventilated. It is necessary that its heat-shielding and waterproof properties match weather conditions.
It is believed that tight, uncomfortable, very warm clothing contributes to overheating of the genital area in boys, which causes irregularities in the formation of the seminiferous tubules. Whereas the girls' body needs warmth. Therefore, modern fashion for short jackets and hips pants for girls, especially when it is cold outside, is unacceptable. The jacket should cover the hip joint, and in cool weather, the mandatory presence of warm clothes under the pants or skirt.
From early childhood, one should instill in one's example the refusal of bad habits: not to smoke and not to drink alcohol.
Please tell us about immunization and medical examinations?
An important role in the prevention of diseases play preventive examinations in preschool and educational institutions. Timely vaccination is needed to prevent infectious diseases. For example, an infectious disease parotitis can cause diseases of the genital area (orchitis), which can further lead to infertility. For the prevention of this disease, there is an associated vaccine against measles, rubella and mumps.
In conclusion, I would like to say that the health-saving behavior is instilled in the child from birth, and he gets the basic skills in the family. Therefore, by showing our example of personal hygiene, physical activity, healthy nutrition, we, adults, contribute to the formation of responsibility for our health, including mental and reproductive.