State Program of Development and Functioning of Languages of Kazakhstan

The State Program of Development and Functioning of Languages of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 has been adopted by the Decree of the President of Kazakhstan No.110 dated June 29, 2011.

The main purpose of the program is to ensure a harmonious language policy, which provides full-scale functioning of the state language as the most important factor for strengthening of the national unity by preservation of languages of all ethnic groups living in Kazakhstan.

Key tasks of the program are:

  • improvement and standardization of the methodology of teaching the state language;
  • development of the infrastructure of teaching the state language;
  • stimulation of the process of teaching the state language;
  • increase of the prestige of using the state language;
  • increase of the demand for the state language;
  • improvement and systematization of the Kazakh language’s lexical fund;
  • enhancement of the language culture;
  • functioning of the Russian language in the communicative-language space;
  • preservation of language variety in Kazakhstan;
  • studying English and other foreign languages.

As a result of implementation of the State Program, Kazakhstan should achieve the following key indicators:

  • increase of the share of adult population that speaks the state language according to "Kaztest" results to 20 % by 2014, to 80 % by 2017, to 95 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of school graduates speaking the state language at В1 level to 70 % by 2017, to 100 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of the Kazakh language content in state-owned mass media to 53 % by 2014, to 60 % by 2017, to 70 % by 2020;
  • increase of the population’s satisfaction with the activities of onomastic commissions regarding observance of principles of transparency and public access to discussion of decision-making process to 60 % by 2014, to 75 % by 2017, to 90 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of arranged terminological fund of the Kazakh language to 20 % by 2014, to 60 % by 2017, to 100 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of the country’s adult population speaking the Russian language to 90 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of ethnic groups embraced by native languages courses in the national-cultural associations to 60 % by 2014, to 80 % by 2017, to 90 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of the country’s population speaking English to 10 % by 2014, to 15 % by 2017, to 20 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of population speaking three languages (Kazakh, Russian and English) to 10 % by 2014, to 12 % by 2017, to 15 % by 2020.

All activities stipulated by this Program are based on the priority of the state language development being a major factor of strengthening of the national unity and are directed at meeting spiritual, cultural and language needs of the citizens of Kazakhstan.

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